science of knowledge


First by science we mean “a systematic enterprise that constructs and organizes knowledge in the form of verifiable explanations and predictions about the universe” while by knowledge we mean “the understanding of information obtained through learning and experience”. (Remembering for those wishing to deepen that we already have a philosophy that studies knowledge that is Epistemology).
La Scienza della Conoscenza deve quindi costriure la conoscenza della “Conoscenza” sotto forma di spiegazioni attendibili. Immaginando che la conoscienza fosse una persona, questa scienza ci deve dare conoscenze di quella persona, del suo carattere, delle sue personalità, di tutto quello che sà fare e che può fare, dei suoi gradi di esperienza, delle sua forme, dei suoi aspetti, dei suoi limiti, delle sue faccie,…
This science is very complex due to the simple fact that it links "Science", which gives us knowledge about things, to "knowledge" which gives us information about things. We therefore have an explosive link which can be redundant.

The various topics that will be treated will alternate the various explanations and reflections both in a general and in a specific context.

Questo perchè la Scienza della Conoscenza non vuole privarsi del fatto di studiare sia la conoscenza di un argomento specifico che può avere una persona e sia la conoscenza in generale della persona ma più in generale cosa è la conoscienza e se si può misurare o almeno stimare. Quindi verranno studiati aspetti sociali, matematici, razionali, irrazionali e via deicendo di tutte e due le modalità e interpretazioni con cui ha senso studiare la conoscenza e dove quest’ultima rivolta a un individuo ne caratterizza il peso e l’impatto che esso può avere in un ambito e nella società.


1.1 knowledge

We have different types and degrees of knowledge. We have the Theoretical Knowledge and the Emotional Knowledge which are part of Primary Knowledge and then as a degree of knowledge we can have the Satisfactory Knowledge and the Absolute Knowledge; also adding the NON-Conoscenza. 
Let's start from Theoretical and Emotional knowledge which are the foundations. They are the basis for the simple fact that they are contained in the very definition of knowledge; when we say knowledge is the understanding of facts or truths thanks to learning and experience we mean precisely obtaining knowledge through the study (Theoretical knowledge, a posteriori) of the subject and on the other hand the experience that one feels physically and mentally which therefore gives us Emotional knowledge. These two pieces of knowledge are cataloged in the Primary and both are essential for having satisfactory knowledge of the subject.

Theoretical knowledge takes less time to develop, depending on the topic we speak of days, months or years but it does not imply Emotional Knowledge. Emotional Knowledge, on the other hand, requires much more time but indirectly implies Theoretical Knowledge. This is quite obvious considering the fact that by trying an experience and therefore an emotion to be best realized, the person around him necessarily seeks the basic Theoretical knowledge to live it to the fullest, therefore it will not be an academic knowledge but in the long run it can contain more information such knowledge than that learned from books.

We have further knowledge which is the Instinctive Knowledge which can be added to primary knowledge. This knowledge can be combined with Sensitive Knowledge in the field of philosophy but this science of ours wants to give it different declinations. The Instinctive Knowledge of a certain topic is nothing more than the learned and digested part of that topic even before delving into it. It is that part that we know that leads to the desire and enthusiasm to deepen it. It should not be confused with a sort of initial Theoretical Knowledge because it is distinguished by the simple fact that it is not easily forgotten and therefore if Theoretical knowledge can fade over time, Instinctive Knowledge is not, or in any case it is very difficult. 

If we speak of general knowledge of an individual and not of knowledge of a specific topic, Instinctive knowledge can be seen as the basic knowledge that we need to live and "be in the world", which allows us to survive and to understand what surrounds us. This knowledge creates an automatic and therefore instinctive shield by removing the ignorance that would not allow us to live consciously. There is always a mandatory basic knowledge for each individual that is necessary to relate and integrate into the world.


Then we have disturbing factors that we will call "Anti-knowledge" or: Ignorance, Arrogance and Saccenza.

L’Ignorance it is not a negative thing, at least in our studies, because it is nothing more than the lack of knowledge of a specific topic or the lack of knowledge in general of topics of general knowledge, we will need it later to make some balances. L'Arrogance it is the presumption of knowing something when it may not be true or even if one has a basic degree of knowledge the arrogance shown would like to amplify the knowledge, therefore there can be an amplification of both theoretical knowledge and emotional knowledge. There Know-it-all, apart from implying basic arrogance, it is usually possessed by those who have even excellent knowledge, for example on a subject but flaunt it and there can also be an amplification here. The interesting thing about Arrogance and Knowledge is to study them to understand how much this amplification is so as to be able to rebalance the effective knowledge of the individual.

“Knowledge and Arrogance can be seen as two sides of the same coin where the currency in question is the amplification of knowledge!” 

In the next chapter we will see how mathematics can help us understand the impact of various knowledge and how a theorem that will be presented will have different meanings if we are talking about General Knowledge and therefore an individual's personal culture or specific knowledge of a topic.





CHAPTER 2 - mathematics of knowledge

To begin we will analyze how mathematics, specifically the mathematics of limits, can help us understand the impact of the variables involved, starting from the Theorem of knowledge, both in the field of "Specific knowledge" and in the field of "General knowledge".

There is nothing strange in stating that knowledge can be translated into mathematics since we have been used since childhood that knowledge can be measured either by numbers (think of school grades) or by IQ tests. 

2.1 interpretazione matematica della conoscenza specifica

Mathematics can help us by interpreting and expressing in a direct and explanatory way the impact that all knowledge has against all non-knowledge. Knowledge and ignorance will be translated mathematically as functions having on the abscissa the time and on the ordinate the level of knowledge or ignorance in question while in turn Arrogance and Know-it-all will also be functions but they will be twin functions of effective knowledge but more dilated on the ordinate axis creating “Areas of amplification and/or distortion” that is, spaces between knowledge functions and anti-knowledge functions that we will study later.

All this can be expressed with the Theorem exposed here which shows us how the knowledge K', on the basis of time, can be seen as the limit, for time which tends to infinity, of the relationship between: in the numerator the Theoretical knowledge Ct, the Emotional knowledge Cm, the Instinctive knowledge Ci and other knowledge that we will see later; the latter in the numerator to obviously maintain a direct proportionality of the equation with learning therefore the higher the knowledge, the higher is K'; in the denominator we have the ignorance Ig understood as lack of knowledge, the Arrogance Ar which distorts and amplifies the degree of knowledge, the Know-it-all Sc which distorts and amplifies the degree of knowledge here too and then other secondary elements which increase the level of non-knowledge possessed.

All the functions in the numerator and denominator depend on time, in the numerator we have the knowledge that obviously can increase with time while in the numerator we have the anti-knowledge such as know-it-all and Arrogance which follow the false line of knowledge and finally Arrogance which with time it can go into recession being basically an inverse function of knowledge.

Mathematics teaches us that the limit of a fraction, with the variable in question tending to infinity "the time", will tend to infinity if the numerator has a higher order than the denominator, it will tend to 0 if the numerator has a lower order than the denominator and will tend to a finite number if the numerator and denominator have the same degree (or speed). Translating all of this into knowledge and anti-knowledge we will have an infinite K' value if knowledge wins over anti-knowledge and vice versa we would have K' equal to 0 if anti-knowledge crushes knowledge. Then we could have deadlock solutions where there is a balance between Knowledge and Non-knowledge. 

Then translated with the one seen in chapter 1 if we have infinity we can mean an absolute knowledge, which mathematically will be represented by infinity, but realistically we know that infinite knowledge does not exist; remembering that we will see absolute knowledge later and it can for now be understood as a maximum or sufficiently large knowledge such that that individual has no equal in that field. If we get a value of 0 the knowledge is unsatisfactory and if we get a finite number it means that the knowledge is satisfactory because knowledge and unknowledge are balanced. Why do we allow ourselves to say that knowledge is satisfactory if we obtain a finite number? This is because at time zero an individual has almost infinite ignorance on the subject therefore the limit K' starts from zero; therefore it takes a lot of knowledge just to rebalance the numerator and denominator.

mathematical functions in detail

The Theoretical Knowledge function reflects how there is an important growth in the period relating to the study of the topic in question.

The function of Emotional Knowledge has a similar trend but on average slower because it generally requires more time to absorb the knowledge linked to the feeling and the mental and/or physical experience of the topic.

La funziona della Conoscenza Istintiva di un argomento ha una crescita lenta e costante e a differenza delle conoscenza Teorica ed Emotiva avviene in un intervallo temporale precedente a queste due perchè l’interesse all’argomento avviene mesi se non anni prima.

La conoscenza avviene prima della stima della K.

The Ignorance function has an inverse trend of that given by the average of Theoretical and Emotional knowledge.

L”Arroganza dato che può amplificare sia la Conoscenza Teorica che la Conoacenza Emotiva non è altro che una funzione fittizia che replica la funzione Ct o Ce ma più amplificata nell’asse delle ordinate. Questo perchè graficamente deve mostrare esattamente una funzione che esalta la conoscenza effettiva. L’area che si crea tra la funzione arroganza e la funzione Ct o Ce crea delle area di amplificazione come detto prima.

La curca Ct+Ar rappresenta la conoscenza Teorica percepita o che si vuuol far percepire.

La curca Ce+Ar rappresenta la conoscenza Emotiva percepita o che si vuuol far percepire.

La Saccenza anche lei è una funzione fittizia che segue l’andamento della funzione Ct e Ce ma ovviamente più amplificata creando a sua volte aree di espanzione e di esaltazione della conoscenza effettiva. Le aree create saranno inferiori a quelle che crea l’arroganza perchè come già detta la saccenza amplifica una conoscenza che di base c’è.

2.2 interpretazione matematica conoscenza generale

L’interpretazione matematica della conoscenza in generale e non di uno specifico argomento va studiata con attenzione ed analizzata per gradi. Partiamo ovviamente nell’analizzare variabile per variabile il Teorema della Conoscenza inteso in generale.

Partiamo dalla Conoscenza Teorica; cosa vuol dire conoscenza Teorica in generale? Parlando matematicamente andrebbe intesa come la somma di tutte le conoscenze Teoriche che ha una persona su tutti gli argomenti intesi sia cultura generale, studi, interessi, etc etc. Poi per Conoscenza Emotiva si può intendere matematicamente la somma di tutte le esperienze ed emozioni vissute che creanno quel bagaglio di conoscenza appreso in modo astratto e non da studio.

Sulla conoscenza Istintiva in generale lo abbiamo già visto all’inizio si intende, in questo caso matematico, tutte le conoscenze indispensabili e apprese dal momento della nascità per la sopravvivenza e apprese per interesse istintivo verso determinate cose; nella formula si intendono tutte le conoscenze istintive sommate insieme.